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India Shines on World Bank’s ‘Ease of Doing Business Index’

19th November 2018

According to the World Bank’s “Doing Business 2019” report, India has climbed 23 spots from a year ago. As a result, it now ranks 77 out of 190 countries on the ease of doing business index. It’s clear that the current government’s reforms have made it easier for companies to run a business in India.

The following are key indicators of the “Doing Business 2019 Report”;

Starting a business Procedures

India made starting a business easier by fully integrating multiple application forms into a general incorporation form.

The Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) launched the Simplified Proforma for Incorporating Company Electronically (SPICe) e-Form. The SPICe is a versatile form that leverages digital technology. It does so by eliminating the need for hard copies of physically signed documents being attached to an e-form. SPICe is now the Sole, Simplified & Versatile form available for incorporation of a company in India.

The MCA has also integrated the MCA21 System with the CBDT for the issue of PAN and First TAN to a company incorporated using the SPICe. On approval of SPICe forms, the user receives an electronic e-mail with a Certificate of Incorporation attached along with PAN and TAN.

Dealing with Construction permits Procedures

India streamlined the process of obtaining a building permit. It also made it faster and less expensive to obtain a construction permit.

For example; the procedure or steps involved in obtaining a construction permit in Delhi has been reduced to 8 from earlier 29. The time frame has been reduced to 60 days from 213 days in 2016.

Getting electricity Procedures

The Delhi Electricity Regulatory Commission reduced charges for low voltage connections. Also, a reduction in the time for the utility to carry out the external connection works made obtaining electricity in Delhi easier.

Resolving insolvency

The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 enacted as a law on 28th May 2016 after extensive consultations with stakeholders.

The Code provides for a new legal framework for dealing with insolvency matters.

All the elements of the corporate insolvency eco-system, namely; the National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT), the National Company Law Appellate Tribunal (NCLAT), the Insolvency Professionals (IP), the Insolvency Professional Agency (IPA), the Insolvency Professional Entity (IPE), and the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India have been made operational.

The new insolvency and bankruptcy code introduced a reorganization procedure for corporate debtors and facilitated the continuation of the debtor’s business during insolvency proceedings.

The recent amendment to the Indian Bankruptcy Code has significantly improved investor’s confidence. The Code now gives secured creditors absolute priority over other claims within insolvency proceedings, by preventing wilful defaulters from buying up any of their own troubled assets at discounted rates.

Protecting minority investors

Limits for certain related party transactions revised.

The existing limit of obtaining shareholder approval if the value of property exceeds 10% or INR 1 billion (Whichever is less), has been amended and now, shareholder would have to approve if the value of property is 10% or more of the net worth of the company or INR 1 billion, again whichever is less.

National Company Law Tribunal, made functional with effect from 1st June 2016. NCLT adjudicates on all corporate law matters in a time-bound manner.

Paying taxes Payments

India made paying taxes easier by replacing many indirect taxes with a single one (the GST) for the entire country. India also made paying taxes less costly by reducing the corporate income tax rate and the employees’ provident funds scheme rate paid by the employer.

Trading across borders

India reduced the time and cost to export and import through various initiatives implemented under the National Trade Facilitation Action Plan 2017-2020, including the implementation of electronic sealing of containers, the upgrading of port infrastructure and allowing electronic submission of supporting documents with digital signatures.

Though India is currently battling a volatile rupee and a widening current account deficit, the jump in India’s ranking of ease of doing business is commendable. It’s safe to assume that it will encourage both domestic and overseas investments in India.

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